10 Band Graphic Equalizer circuit with KA2223 and PCB

10 Band Graphic Equalizer circuit
10 Band Graphic Equalizer circuit
Graphic equalizers are a must in any good hi-fi systems! They enable you to shape the response of the system to the particular room, or in recordings to improve deficiencies of the equipment or the original recording.

A good equalizer, used with skill can dramatically improve the quality of your listening pleasure. This equalizer has ten bands which cover all the audible frequencies, centered at 48, 61.5, 188.7, 343, 616, 1080, 3430, 6150, 1080, and 15870 Hz. 
The spacing between peak frequencies is two octaves which is quite adequate for most domestic applications. Frequency adjustment is 12dB/octave. The circuit is for one channel and if you want to use it for STEREO you should build two, one for each channel of your system.


Technical Specifications – Characteristics
Working voltage: 6-13V DC
Frequency response: 20Hz-30KHz
Current: 60 ma
Distortion (THD=0.02% Typ. f = 1K Flat)

How it Works
This equalizer has ten bands which cover all the audio frequencies, around 48, 61.5, 188.7, 343, 616, 1080, 3430, 6150, 1080, and 15870 Hz.

The circuit is for one channel and if you want to use it for STEREO you need two. The circuit consists of two KA2223 IC.

The circuit has been designed so that when the potentiometers are in the middle of their travel the signal is not affected at all. Turning a potentiometer in either direction will affect the corresponding frequency range accordingly. The maximum output voltage without distortion is 1 Vpp. The equalizer operates from a 12 VDC power supply which makes it suitable for use in home or car.

10 Band Graphic Equalizer parts
10 Band Graphic Equalizer parts

This work is not very difficult and if you stick to a few rules you should have no problems. The soldering iron that you use must be light and its power should not exceed the 25 Watts. The tip should be fine and must be kept clean at all times. For this purpose come very handy specially made sponges that are kept wet and from time to time you can wipe the hot tip on them to remove all the residues that tend to accumulate on it. The construction of the equalizer is very easy if you follow the diagrams and our advice carefully. The only really sensitive component are the IC. Start building the circuit by soldering the pins and the IC sockets in their places on the p.c. board. Solder then the resistors, the capacitors, making sure that the electrolytic are inserted the right way round before soldering them, and finally the potentiometers. Depending on the size and the shape of the case you are going to use for the project you can either solder the potentiometers on the p.c. board directly or use short pieces of shielded audio cable to connect them with the rest of the circuit. When you have finished soldering the components on the board check everything for possible mistakes, clean the board with a solvent to remove all traces of soldering flux and insert the IC’s in their sockets. Make sure that you align them properly and that you do not bend their pins during insertion. Make then the following connections using shielded cable for the input and output and preferably twisted twin cable for the power supply.

- The supply (6-15 VDC recommend 12volt DC) must be connected at points 1 (+) and 2 (-) of the board.

- The input is at points 5 (signal) and 4 (earth).

- The output is at points 3 (signal) and 4 (earth).
If you turn the power on, and the potentiometers of the equalizer are in their middle position there shouldn’t be any notice able difference to the music if the equalizer is inserted or not in the signal path. However turning the potentiometers should produce a noticeable effect to the reproduction.
10 Band Graphic Equalizer pcb 1
10 Band Graphic Equalizer pcb 1

10 Band Graphic Equalizer pcb 2
10 Band Graphic Equalizer pcb 2

C1 = 3.3mF 16v
C2 = 1.2mF 16v
C3 = 0.12mF 16v
C4 = 0.1mF
C5 = 0.82mF
C6 = 0.56mF
C7 = 0.022mF
C8 = 0.012mF
C9 = 0.22mF
C10 = 0.082mF
C11 = 0.01mF
C12 = 0.068mF
C13 = 0.0038mF 
C14 = 0.0012mF 
C15 = 0.022mF
C16 = 8200pF
C17 = 1000pF
C18 = 390pF
C19 = 6800pF
C20 = 5600pF
C21 = 220pF
C22 = 1000pF
C23 = 22mF 16v
C24 = 47mF 16v
C25 = 3.3mF 16v

R1 = 4.7k
R2 = 10k

P1, ... P10 = 100k Potentiometers

IC1, IC2 =